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ELECTION IS HERE – SECURE YOURSELF

*ThisIsNigeria

The election season is here, along with the interesting events and happenings that comes with it, the usual transfer window events, Parties signing new members as politicians continue the common habit of jumping from one party to another, the sweet talks, the promises and also the goodies that comes along with the election season. You will agree with me that the publicity and awareness of this election seems overwhelming than the previous ones, mostly thanks to our beloved Pastors and religious leaders. Did you get your PVC though? It’s very important you have gotten it, you will discover how much control you have with your PVC, well at least for this Pre-Election period though, can’t say for later, and don’t just get it for getting it sake, VOTE! That way you can legitimately complain, if the aftermath isn’t favorable, don’t get me wrong, and I’m not being pessimistic.

Having admonishing as I’m obligated to do as a Patriotic Citizen that I am, lets speak about the ‘later’ that you don’t have control over. In spite of the overwhelming awareness, you can’t but admit that “This is Nigeria”, you can’t possibly say what’s going to happen, promises for one is not something you can hold any politician accountable for judging from the obvious. And so while we sincerely hope that the awareness can have a positive effect into birthing in new leadership that this country needs (that’s me being optimistic), I think it’s safe to say that we citizens also should not get our hopes too high into putting our future in the hands of any politician. Experiences should have taught us enough that you shouldn’t have to wait for any politician, when you can actually secure yourself irrespective of what happens up there. Waiting for any politician is just like waiting for Godot, if you know what I mean. Vision 2020 is a popular example for one, it’s safe to say vision 2020 is probably a lost cause now, and I begin to wonder if there was any vision in the first place though, probably the person who said he received the vision was from Yabaleft.

Bottom line is this, This is Nigeria, secure yourself, do whatever you can with what you have, where you are – INVEST for the hay days. It’s the only security you can give yourself, your insurance against whatever might be thrown at you in the aftermath of the election. INVEST NOW.

And what better way to invest than investing in a business that isn’t affected by what happens up there – NO INFLATION, NO DEPRECIATION, instead constant increase in your ROI over the years, and you are secured for at least 50 years. Isn’t that fantastic, that way you have control over your own affairs and not some politicians. Hastom Nigeria’s Cashew – Cassava Investment plan is just the perfect breakaway plan for you.

The time is NOW, the Election Season is here, and the time to secure yourself is NOW! With our Cashew – Cassava Investment, take the remote control off that politician and be in charge.

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HASTOM NIGERIA AND THE WORLD OF FARM COMMODITIES DEALER SHIP

 

HASTOM NIGERIA AND THE WORLD OF FARM COMMODITIES DEALERSHIP

 

As much as food is in constant demand and supply, it is notable that there is almost no perfect market for agricultural produce. The ultimate goal is to reach and satisfy consumption which of course is insatiable with the sporadic increase in population all over the planet.  Every reasonable producer would desire to cultivate, sell at a very profitable level and satisfy consumers with disease-free foods and fruits. The chain of production starts from farmers to middlemen which include wholesalers and retailers at varying levels to the final consumers. A jump in the cycle sometimes make the farmer reach the consumers, directly. This is fast, more effective and costs less as the consumers gets fresh, cheap and the farmers gets their cash instantly and do not have to bother about the various layers of obstruction middlemen pose.  It is pertinent to have seamless knowledge of how the market operates.

Mr. XYZ decided to practice absentee farming and the farm produce came out fine.  But then, he had grips of fear that the farmers will cheat him, he then went on to sell himself.  He couldn’t have forgotten how they helped cultivate his farmland and didn’t dupe him. On the said day, he went for price listing at the several markets, beforehand. The confusion started when prices vary relatively with the various merchants interviewed. Prices kept increasing with distance from local areas to the cities. He took his farm produce to a city about to his residence. It was alright until he could not sell more than 40% at the end of the day, with no place for him to stay, no outlet to pack the goods into and the driver had to return. He was caught in between. A sound knowledge of the market mechanism would have enlightened him on the prevailing  terms and conditions before he ventured into it. And he would have been prepared, armed with the necessary negotiations skills and be abreast with the current market prices at various locations and the average price.  He had to sell at lower prices to the buyers, near giveaway prices so he could pay the driver and return home. He could not afford to cover the costs of production, running at a loss other than profits.

Over the years, as the pioneer for absentee farming most especially cashew cultivation in Nigeria, our clients’ most asked question is “how do I market this”? Our answer has been that; If you allow us handle the selling of your farm produce, we would handle the stress and marketing while you receive cash at your comfort zone. In 2018 alone, our farm produced over 30,000 cashew fruits which we sold via offline marketing, e-mail marketing and social media ads. With the steady knowledge of how agricultural markets operate. We have ready suppliers and buyers, making our channel active every harvesting season. Producing high quality farm commodities did not just pop up, it had taken in much of our expertise, conscious time and effort.  Our growing cashew plantation churned out an average of thirty tons of  cashew nuts weekly in the last harvesting season. And this is a start point for us. Hastom Nigeria is becoming a force to reckon with in the cashew commodity trade business not just as a major cashew cultivating company in Ogbomoso, but also provides a platform for aggregating quality cashew nuts en mass.

Preparations are on top gear towards the next commodity trading season and you can be a player in this market too. Rest assured however that Hastom Nigeria is your best bet if you are new to the cashew commodity trade game because as lucrative as it is, like Mr. XYZ, it can spell doom for all your investment dreams if you venture into it ignorantly.

The beauty of the agricultural world is that,  it’s a free playing field for everyone, but the loopholes are as vast as its opportunities.

Agriculture is beautiful, so is the cashew trade, how much more trading in a place with the reputation for having the best cashew nuts world over, Ogbomoso.

 

 

CBN TO BAN $1.2B YEARLY FOREX FOR MILK, OTHER DAIRY PRODUCTS.

 

CBN TO BAN $1.2B YEARLY FOREX FOR MILK, OTHER DAIRY PRODUCTS.

There is high possibility that the Central Bank Of Nigeria{CBN} might have finalized plans to include all dairy products including milk to foreign exchange restriction list. This will call for increase in home production and more investment in ranches. It was reported that CBN governor Godwin Emefiele said these dairy products would hit a limitation from access to foreign exchange at parallel and official markets especially when citizens are reluctant to invest in ranches; in a bid to quench the ongoing farmers-herders crisis.

Operators might tag CBN a foister of such policy on them without a resort to an existing business model and the socio-ethnic concerns that meat and milk might cause. The decision might force an increase in the struggle for land between herders and farmers due to the fact that ranching has become a controversial issue majorly after the Federal Government’s proposed RUGA program.

Recently, two meetings held between dairy products’ manufacturers’ and the Central Bank of Nigeria. The need for backward integration and more investment in ranches was discussed as well as the complaints that the bank uses monetary policies to address fiscal issues. Operators noted that extending ranches to other locations would be disruptive to the strategy of their business whereas a successful model that will work for Nigeria would best be practised when pastoral communities are turned better yielders through milk collection, cross-breeding and smallholder farming model.
5% import duties on raw milk products and access to forex remains should be extended to all dairy companies that agreed to backward integration with evidence of milk collection, usage and production facilities, the operators urged the CBN.

The former Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Audu Ogbeh said the estimate of the cost of milk importation equals $1.2B annually while national dairy output per year 700,000 metric tonnes and demand is 1,300,000metric tonnes totals a supply of 600,000 metric tonnes needed.

He further said that an average cow in Nigeria could barely produce a litre of milk per day, this is very low compared to other countries where a cow could produce up to 100 litres as transportation of our cows from one place to another leaves their milk production unstable.

The operators further stated that it may have cost implications on the consumers, encourage smuggling as the demand and supply gap is not yet met. Investments might be at stake and the struggle for land between farmers and herders will be on the increase. Only Three Crowns Milk and WAMCO (producer of peak milk) are local producers that have been able to make use of DDP(Dairy Development Programme) across 90 communities in Oyo, Osun and Ogun states.
To be specific, farmers under this programme were able to contribute only 27,045litres in one day.
The general director of manufacturers stated that the organization has been at the main forefront to cause the implementation of the decisions.

Despite that Nigeria is incapable to produce powdered milk at the moment as milk is produced by drying in a tower with high energy use amidst other utilities, it is still used as intermediary or raw material for the local production of several produce consumed in the country.

Hastom Nigeria bags Outstanding Agricultural Real Estate/Agric. Investment Company of the year.

Another edition of Southwest Nigeria Excellence Award was held at the Obafemi Awolowo University Conference Centre, Ile-ife, Osun State, Nigeria on 26th July, 2019 by 2:30pm prompt. Southwest Nigeria Excellence Awards (SNEA) is a yearly award that provides a platform where individuals, companies and industries that are outstanding in their services and impacts the society are being appreciated. It aims to motivate others to emulate the enviable charisma thus making the world a better place. The Award is rotated amongst the states of the South West region in Nigeria after its kickstart in 2011. While speaking at the event, the convener, Mr. Honey Olawale stated that the awardees were nominated by media practitioners and the public followed by voting to shortlist by the media personnel, alone. Without their knowledge, a background screen or check was made to ascertain that they are worthy of the award and if they are, they receive a notification by letter. Aftermath, Hastom Nigeria was then awarded the outstanding Agricultural Real Estate/Agric. Investment Company of the year 2019. He further emphasized that the award  ensures that their is integrity at its peak.

Hastom Foods and Farms popularly known as Hastom Nigeria formerly operating under the name of Hastom Global Services is an agricultural investment company in Nigeria. A pioneer advocate for absentee farming in the nation, providing platforms for individuals interested in investing in agriculture to be a part of the system regardless of distance or busy schedule by providing topnotch management and consultancy services.  Hastom offers crop and livestock investment opportunities, professional farm management, and agricultural consulting services to all types of property owners and investors and tons of investors across borders can attest to the amazing possibilities of the agricultural platform as subscribers.

The company started operations in 2010 as Hastom Global Services Limited but as a result of the need to have a more solid grip on the agricultural interest of the organization, a new company in the name of Hastom Foods and Farms that have become the darling of every agricultural investor as of today with a vision to be an agricultural investment company of global repute redefining the very essence of agriculture, the thoughts and the processes, maximizing the vast opportunities it presents. Aimed at assisting intending farmers get access to arable farmlands suitable for their farming need. Today, Hastom has grown from a farming venture to a leader in the agriculture sector as a provider of farm management and real estate brokerage services with her agricultural operations spanning over 2000 hectares of farmland.

The company has also grown to incorporate other parts of agriculture such as cash crop farming, livestock rearing and food processing services.

Located in Ogbomosho, Oyo State and operates in accordance with the laws and regulations of the Federal Government of Nigeria, Hastom Group of Companies readily leverages on the competitive advantage the location presents with respect to readily available expanse of farmlands as well as being the producer of the best quality cashew in the West African region.

 

While speaking with the CEO, Hastom Nigeria, Mr. Debo Thomas, he said;

      “The story began in 2010 when the dream became a reality. Hastom foods and farms started by selling acres/hectares of land, proceeded into Cashew-cassava cultivation, yam planting, cattle rearing then agro-advisory services. We are the pioneer of absentee farming in Nigeria, giving people the ability to invest in agriculture at the comfort of their homes whilst getting records of the progress of their properly managed farms. It is not a mouth race nor a subject that doesn’t hold water to have clients from far and near trust their investments with us without physical contact. We have clients from Lagos, Abuja, Kaduna, Port-Harcourt amidst many states as well as clients from abroad. I always say we are still crawling; we will soon fly and much more soar until we become a household name in the world of agriculture and value addition not just in Nigeria but across the globe.”

 

You can reach us at [email protected] or put a call through 08163013001.

AGRICULTURE TO THE GRASSROOTS.

AGRICULTURE TO THE GRASSROOTS.

Charity they say,  begins at home. The days when we chose to be doctors, lawyers and engineers without any preliminary experience had flew like plane. It’s landed us to where we are, right now. In those days, we hardly see a child who wants to be a farmer. The exception comes when one of his parents cultivate or he’s exposed to farming from time.

Today, it won’t skip our notice that old men and women are the producers of the food we consume while young people are propelling towards the knowledge of books.
It would be very normal until the World hunger keeps rising till forever when producers keeps decreasing and consumers, increasing.

What is the way out?
We having more young people in farming. These young people would train the upcoming generations and it goes on and on, like that.

I will argue that agriculture upholds other professions. Envision/imagine a situation whereby the mouth goes on strike, who doesn’t know what that the hands, legs, kidney, heart and brain stops functioning?
Let’s invest in agriculture so you and I can still be on our feet, go to work, parties, religious etc.

Today, we were opportune to make a presentation at the closing ceremony/end-of-the-year party at Kingdom heritage model high school. It was in a bid to encourage the children most especially the ones that excelled in agriculture. Introducing agriculture to grassroots will enhance their love for farming thus grow their passion.

You can save the world by investing in cattle by 15% of your income.

Have you heard of artificially grown beef? They are laboratory grown beef without killing animals, produced with a sample of muscle from an experimented animal. The stem cells are collected from the tissue, multiplied and allowed to be differentiated into crude fibres which bulk up to form muscle tissue. According to Mosa Meat in America, a tissue sample from a cow will produce 80,000 quarter-pounders arising from the built-up muscle tissue. Back in 2013, burger made from lab-grown meat was being presented to journalists. It was however recorded to be overly dry, has an unusual taste and expensive to produce. In recent years, advancement had met with more innovation as a number of start-ups proclaim that they will have these products for sale in the next few years. There were stated excuses or advantages that Lab-grown meat has over natural cattle, they are;

Artificial meat was said to be clean meat because they don`t undergo the dirty process of meat slaughtering and dissecting.
Artificial meat reduces the cruel treatment of animals raised for consumption.
They cut down the environmental costs of meat production and transportation.
Available resources will be used to cultivate and maintain a cultured cell not an entire animal right from parturition.

Subsequently, notable disadvantages have been observed from the other perspective; rearing animals more preferably to generating meat from laboratories. The demerits are stated below;
Increased breeding of meat-producing animals will rise up to conquer the world`s population without the essence of artificial meat.
Artificial meat is much more expensive than natural meat and hence, not affordable for everyone.
There are more alternatives to enlarging the meat market other than producing meat in the laboratories. Aside rearing animals, we now have plant-based meat substitutes such as steaks and mushrooms.
Food regulation process are known to undergo a prolonged period, this could force a decrease in the quality and safety of artificial meat.
Sequel to the point above, the resolve of FDA and other organizations to have the meat labelled by companies pose a threat to consumers’ trust. Labelling without adequate information on how it`s being made/what`s in the food could confuse buyers.
Some groups or cultures are not convinced to consume lab-grown meat. They believe it`s against the law of procreation thereby renders it unlawful and harmful.
The production of laboratory grown meat could remove existing agriculture jobs from contributing to the economy.
The cause of world hunger is much more economical and political in which lab grown meat can’t profer solutions to. This should be addressed other than looking for more production processes.

You aren’t convinced that investing in cattle would turn your life, around for good? You don’t see reasons other than saving the world which might be less beneficial to you? You are wondering if cattle is profilic and sells, fast? Have got answers to your questions, let’s roll;

A secured market; When will the market level encounter a drop? Demand for beef will keep increasing as long as humans exist. Their is no stop time for cattle breeding as it’s consumed far and near by both man and woman without religious constraints.
Market is nearby and open; Transportation of beef is easy as markets are located in nearby places. Market is rarely closed, it’s open almost everyday as beef consumption is on daily basis.
Time constraints might not hinder you; Gone are those days in which the traditional way of rearing cattle is rampant. The world is turned to the era of nomadic herders and contract-breeders; the modern way.
Cattle breeding has high returns if properly managed the costs will be lesser than the expected profits.
Natural beef is much more safe and less expensive than lab meats. You can vouch that all classes of people can buy from your products.

In conclusion, increased beef production will quench the world’s quest for its consumption. But in one way or the other, you might have constraints in investing cattle prior to time, expertise or housing. Contacting nomadic herders might be very stressful arising from lack of understanding, exposure of your cattle to unfavourable conditions amidst pests and diseases.

Here at Hastom Nigeria, we help our clients manage their cattle investments in high favourable conditions thus facilitating maximum profitable returns. For more information about our cattle investment plan, send a notification of interest to us at [email protected]

 

Farm Machineries and the Agrarian Revolution.

Farm Machinery
Since inception of agriculture over 10,000 years ago, human labour has been the key component in the cultivation of crops and animals breeding. Constraints were inability of human labour to capacitate food production level needed to sustain the ever rising population. We have insufficient number of farmers thus couldn’t help food scarcity as production demands are more than the available human power.
At a time, native contract-farmers(egede people) were contacted, they were very strong people and could work for long hours. They were tireless workers who had the power of 3 people. It was going well until they became excessively demanding. They demanded food, clothing and shelter than necessary. And it came to an abrupt halt.

Nowadays, farm machinery and implements have come to stay making farming, easier. It made a reduction in drudgery, called for effective and efficient farming. It is very easy to purchase implements and machinery in the market. It’s very hard to choose the best. Trust me you don’t want to buy a tractor that you keep maintaining every week. You don’t wanna sell it off six months after you bought it. You’re wondering if you don’t have to spend on farm machinery right after purchase, No, I didn’t say so. Even human beings need maintenance. But when you have prior knowledge about of the necessary costs, you won’t be ignorant and spend unnecessarily.

There are four main costs to incur in farm machinery;
First few years of ownership often have a warranty that covers repair costs at a start. But as time goes on when warranty is over, reality sets in. You start to pay for your costs, yourself.
1) Machinery cost: Making the best management decisions starts with the knowledge of the purchase of effective and efficient machinery. High cost doesn’t necessarily mean the best, low cost doesn’t too. The best way is to purchase in accordance with quality. You will need the advice of experts to buy right. They’ll carefully give you the advantages, disadvantages, care and precautions in each type.

2) Operational cost: These costs are not fixed, they vary in accordance with use, level of maintenance, machine type and age. Engine size, load, operating speed, field conditions determine fuel and lubrication costs of farm machinery.

3) Labour cost: Quality and availability of labour is to be considered important in efficient machinery management. Unless you will operate your machinery yourself, you’ll need an operator. Labour costs major in machinery operations thus calls for accountability. Cost of labour vary with accordance to operations and size of machinery and if you’re on hire purchase. Level of proficiency differs from operator to operator. How then do you determine which operator is the best? Agro-Consultancy services will simply bail you out.
4) Ownership cost: Most farmers would love to own their machineries other than hire purchase. It is recommended that you opt for custom hire when you need a piece of equipment for a specific job, more capacity for a limited period or a new type of equipment without making a long-term capital investment. Ownership costs start from depreciation, capital in investment, insurance to housing. Depreciation talks about the loss in value when it’s being used or not. In other terms, depreciation begins right after phase.

In conclusion, keeping repair records will help you keep budget so you know when you’re running on excessive costs. To save the stress, you can go on hire purchase or seek expert’s advice before buying.
Yes, we’ve talked about the cost, don’t you think we should go over safety precautions and care? We would go over them, below:
1. Ensure to adjust equipment accordingly.
2. Ensure you read up about equipment safety.
3. Ensure you keep children and animals away from working areas.
4. Ensure you are aware of the environment.
5. Ensure you dress appropriately.

At Hastom Nigeria, we specialize in sales and hire of farm machinery and equipments. We provide for a stress-free machinery operation for efficiency and effectiveness.

AFRICA CONTINENTAL FREE TRADE AREA (AfCFTA)

 

 

Over the past couple of weeks, discussion on The Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) has been the talk of town. More so, the reluctance of the Nigerian Government in agreeing with the concord stirred waves in the air. The agreement was signed by majority of African Head of States at the summit held in Kigali, Rwanda between 17th– 21st of March, 2018. Its main goal is to create a single market followed by free movement and an African single currency. As at July 2019, fifty-four (54) African countries had consented to the trade agreement with Eriteria as an exception.

Now that you have a basic understanding of what AfCFTA is all about. It is only right to dive into what its objectives are.

The following are the objectives of AfCFTA;

  • To significantly reduce the rate of unemployment in African countries by creating thousands of job opportunities for African youths.
  • To cause productive competition in initiatives, businesses and industries by taking advantages of opportunities for market access and increase in productivity.
  • To enlarge intra African Trade through harmonization of Trade standards and removal of Trade barriers.
  • To create a single continental market for goods and services with free movement of businessmen and investment, this inadvertently would lead to the successful establishment of the continental customs union and African Customs Union.
  • To bolster the continent’s stagnant economy by strengthening intra-African trade and supply chains.

You might be wondering “how does this really work?” Here is how it does;

  • African countries that are signatories would have to reduce trade tariffs and import quotas amidst one another.
  • There is a need for each country to have the same tariff with the outside world and a reduced or no tariff between African countries.
  • Establishment of a single market which involves free movement of goods, services and other resources with zero tariff and quota between participating countries.
  • The adoption of a unifying single currency and establishment of a political union comes after further integration.

However, despite the numerous derivable benefits of AfCFTA, there are obstacles inhibiting the successful implementation of this free trade agreement. Part of which are the following:

  • The unwillingness of African countries to trade amongst themselves at the expense of trading with foreign countries.
  • Poor railway lines and roads, corruption, strict border controls, violence and diseases pose an imminent danger to a free trade area.
  • The sheer size of Africa is also a notable problem.

However, the aforementioned challenges are surmountable if the following measures are implemented by the participating countries

  • Safety measures to counter the problems, having efficient security to combat miscreants, construction of new roads and repair of old railway lines.
  • Anti-corruption practices, laws and regulation should be implemented.
  • With free movement comes the increased risk of transmitted diseases across borders of countries, strong disease-surveillance system can go a long way.
  • Establishment of monitoring agencies in participating countries to ensure smooth implementation of the trade agreement.

Behold a new dawn for Africa!  Here comes a wonderful time for our dear motherland; Nigeria, as we extend more arms of businesses to our kinsmen in neighboring African countries. We had never exercised our power, strength and potential as a continent all these while. AfCFTA present a perfect opportunity to exploit the untapped horizon.

Here you go motherland, a better future ahead!

 

 

 WELFARE AND CATTLE

Research carried out by the United States department of Agriculture recorded the lifespan of cattle to be 25 years as of 1995 but presently the average lifespan of a cattle is between 10-15 years as most cows suffer from lameness and other painful conditions that are consequences of poor welfare. If you ask me, I’m convinced cattle rearing is a good business, a profitable one I mean, be it for beef production or dairy cattle. Many had ventured into cattle business and a lot are still considering it. But trust me, the cattle business may just be another nightmare if the welfare of the cattle (handling, transport, vaccination and so forth) is not put into consideration, regardless of the system of production. Be it through broad acre grazing or intensive lots, the owners/managers have a duty of care to ensure that the basic needs of the animals are met. Those basic needs include;

  • Sufficient feed and water.
  • Appropriate living conditions (housing).
  • Appropriate handling during transportation.
  • Protection from injury or diseases and treatment if required.
  • Opportunity for cattle to display normal behavioral patterns.

These are core basis for expertise rearing of cattle which we would be looking into. Why should I read further when I already know the basic needs? This is probably the question on your mind now. Of course, having read the above listed gives you an idea but not the full knowledge on how cattle welfare can increase productivity and maximize your profit, thus the saying “little knowledge is no knowledge at all”. So stay with me and let’s learn together.

 

  • SUFFICIENT FEED AND WATER– Sufficient feed and water claps at feed and water in the right proportion. Correct feed formulation will save cattle from malnutrition, dysentia and diseases. Please, follow through this story to understand what I am talking about.

Mr. Mutiu, a security guard at a reputable organization has his retirement in about a year, with loads of responsibilities as the man of the house; he decided to engage in a business that can take care of his needs after retirement. Mr. Mutiu gathered his savings to invest in cattle, prior to his little knowledge in cattle rearing. He bought three calves, built them a pen behind his house near a very bushy area. He feeds his cattle with the leftover he gathers from the neighborhood, with the dirtiest water from streams and sometimes the cattle drink from stagnant water. Due to his demanding job as a security guard, he has little time to take care of the cattle. One day he found one of his cattle with black liquid coming from his eyes which he regarded as “cattle cry”, little did he know that the cattle has a disease from the water he feeds them with. Few days later, the cattle died. He was devastated and felt so sad, he has six months to retirement. He mourned his cattle like a child and got quite ill that he took some days off from work. Two months and some days later, his wife came running into his room to inform him one of the two cows was found dead, it was been bitten by a snake. A bad thing to befall a man uhn? While it can be regarded as hard luck, I would say Mr. Mutiu killed his investment with ignorance. Okay, before the story I was talking about feed and water being given in the right proportion, we do not want our cattle to cry like Mr. Mutiu said, we should be conscious of the feed and water given to our cows. Cattle feed requirement include protein, minerals, vitamins, their feed stuff include grains, oilseeds and roughages. Healthy grazing areas is important, good source of water should be available, in the right proportion (Dry cows-70litres/day, lactating cows-90litres/day, weaner calf-55litres/day). However, as your cattle should not be underfed or overfed, some herders are so concerned about the cattle’s size that they overfeed them. Over feeding a cow may cause bloating, a health condition in livestock characterized by an accumulation of excessive gas in the stomach.

 

  • APPROPRIATE LIVING CONDITIONS (HOUSING)-Provision of proper and conducive housing guarantees good health, comfort and protection from inclement (rough) weather. Do you remember Mr. Mutiu? His cattle got bitten by a snake because of the location of his paddock, a very bushy area. Selection of  site for cattle rearing requires the following consideration;
  • Soil: The soil must be suitable for strong foundation; loamy soils are best suited for building construction of the paddock.
  • Availability of land: There should be a vast area to construct all building and should give way to future expansion of farm, at least 2-3 Acres is required for 200cows accommodation.
  • Drainage system: Proper drainage of rain and subsoil of water should be provided to keep the environment clean and protect the paddock from dampness
  • Protection from noise and other disturbances: The paddock or farm site should be away from noise producing area. Noise is found to affect the animal production

 

  • HANDLING DURING TRANSPPORTATION

Having bought a cow/calf from market, you need to ensure adequate and safe transportation from the market to your farm. You might be wondering, does transporting cattle require special care? Yes, it does. You do not want the cattle stressed or hurt before getting to your destination. Earlier this year, the attention of the ministry of health and the local government authority of Ikwerre was called to a case of dead cows being slaughtered at an abattoir in Ikwerre local government, Port Harcourt. During the investigation, it was gathered that the truck used for transporting the Cattle from Mubi, Adamawa state had fault which caused delay during transportation, as such the cattle were affected by heat ,some were sold on the way and others which were reported to be dead was taken to the abattoir. You should also know that cattle that are de-horned, young calves, suckling calf, adult bulls, and female in advanced stages of pregnancy should each be transported separately and not together, some will say “sheybi cattle na cattle”. You do not want to join people in making that mistake; therefore it requires special knowledge and skill when transporting cattle.

Few of the things to be considered include;

  • The size and design of the transport vehicle should be compatible with the number of stock being transported
  • The stock rate should be well designed so as to minimize bruising
  • Calves should not be transported in a car booth or too tight area
  • The vehicle must be in good condition so as to avoid delay during transportation.

 

  • VACCINATION/AND TREATMENT IF REQUIRED

This aspect of cattle rearing requires expert handling as you may need the help of a veterinary personnel. Success or failure on rearing calves depends on the ability of owner/manager to react promptly to the calves’ numerous signals. Cattle herders should be sensitive when handling cow as many as potential problems could be picked. Each day, to look for signs of diseases, look quickly over each paddock, check the nose for dampness and ear for temperature and note that healthy cows should be separated from sick ones to prevent infection. Also the cows should be vaccinated when necessary, pre- calving vaccines for cows should be given 6-8 weeks and a second dose a month prior to calving. Heifers should be vaccinated 30-60 days prior to breeding as vaccinating less than 30 days will cause inflammation in the ovaries. To also prevent diseases, the calves should be dewormed regularly.

These are few out of the basic needs of cattle as there are still lots to know about but then wait till our next blog post for more. As a small scale cattle farmer, how do I have access to these things? I don’t even have the money to build a conducive paddock let alone employing a veterinary personnel, what’s this talk about feed in the right proportion when am not  feeding well? I have just a cow, why do I bother myself so much about good source of water? These are questions you may be asking yourself right now. Stress no further, Hastom Nigeria is here to see to those basic needs of your cattle, with just little money, you can be a part of our cattle investment plan, you can bring your cattle or we help you buy a good breed for rearing, for full details about the plan, send a notification of interest to us [email protected] or put a call through to 08163013001.

 

 

THE RUGA SAGA!!!

Days ago, the Internet screamed at the throb of the initiative that will soon blow over our nation, Nigeria. Different opinions, wide perspectives and claims arose at the decision made by the federal Government. Just like that comes RUGA and it keeps spreading like wild fire but today weve received news that RUGA is suspended. While many claimed it is a source of ethnical domination, some said its a sort of islamization while others accepted it as ease and comfort on the part of citizens. Not to condemn or condole one, we would be going through the whole concept of RUGA.

WHAT IS RUGA ALL ABOUT?

RUGA (cattle settlements in Hausa language) is an initiative meant to curb insecurity and incessant clashes between farmers and herders through expanding cattle rearing from northern states to the other parts of Nigeria. It involves organizing cattle settlements into a secluded environment with provision of amenities like hospitals, vet clinics, schools, road networks and manufacturing facilities to refine and process animal products for dealers in each sector of animal husbandry. Before suspension 12 states out of 36 already subscribed to RUGA even amidst clouded skies, this totals one-third of the countrys population.

WHILE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES INCLUDE;

To avoid conflict issues between cattle herders and farmers in case of animals invading and destroying farm crops on farmlands.

To avoid wandering of cattle for feeding reasons which later result to drastic drain of energy and the feed consumed.

To provide infrastructures that will improve the life of nomadic farmers.

To provide employment opportunities and economic boost in the states that subscribed.

To provide green pastures with high quality and hygiene needed for effective growth.
To provide security and stability in pastoral farming.

THE GOVERNMENT STANDS; Below are the said proclaims declared public by the Federal Government even though it caused a wave of disagreement and grievances within citizens. Lets go.

RUGA is not limited to cattle herders alone but animal farmers too, as beneficiaries.
Federal Government propose to curb open grazing in animals to avoid conflicts, reduce the threats and insecurity to farmers and herders through the initiative.
It is an economic project aimed at jobs creation for citizens that wishes to key in the project.
Government insists that its not an imposing act on the citizens but interested states with land to spare.

Government states that RUGA will make life comfortable and increase financial capability in citizens of the volunteer states.

COMMUNAL STANDS; Several communities in our beloved Nigeria have rose to state their protests and resolve towards the RUGA initiative. We have them, below:

Communities across the south ( south-south, south west, south east etc) declined the initiative (RUGA) being active in their lands, they further proclaim that any governor of their state that buys into the idea is working towards the backwardness of his people.

Calabar inhabitants (south east) further insist that they could buy their pastures with the trucks they used to in selling cows to them as their lands their insufficient and they could not afford to spare.
Dismay resulting from previous attacks in the history of fulanis couldnt allow them to accept RUGA into the lands.

Communities insists that RUGA is a form of discreetly planned islamization, colonization and domineering, ethnic domination using political strategies.
Communities insists that RUGA will further provoke more conflicts other than resolution.

Have you thought about the possible influence that RUGA could have on our nation if adopted? The pros and cons of economic effects are as stated below.

ECONOMIC EFFECTS; (PROS AND CONS) (BENEFITS AND DEMERITS)
Provision of manufacturing entities that will process and add more value to animal products.
Employment opportunities in states who have volunteered to participate in the project.
Long term conflict between herders and land owners whilst establishing a domain resulting from fear that they could get to dominate and own their lands.
Adequate pasture and water will be provided within the RUGA settlement instead of the herders to keep scavenging for it.
Eradication of open grazing in animals as it poses threats to farmers should they trespass.
Reduction in inter-conflicts between farmers and herders.
Increased animal protection to increase quality of Livestock and its products.

Towards the demerits of the said economic effects, there are proposed solutions to help perfect the initiative:

THE WAY FORWARD (ACTUAL AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS)

Lease of land: The community especially land owners are scared of Fulanis taking over their lands, permanently. The whole show can best be avoided If the lands are leased to them for a period of time as it will be easy to cancel the project should crisis surfaces.
Principle of crime and punishment- During the previous administration when this principle was applied it called for an ethnic balance yielding from a resolution between the management of herdsmen and farmers in which an invasion causes punishment in accordance on the side of the culprit.

Provision of loans: An influence on central bank of Nigeria by the government to provide loans for states in northern Nigeria to build cattle ranches for modern processing of beef which would then be transported nationwide as beef rather than cattle rearing.

Dialogue: Hearing out, dialogue, one-on-one conversation are skillful ways of avoiding future occurrences in conflicts. Before punishing an invader, he deserves to give reasons for his actions. This would call for necessary savages as well as preventions.

In conclusion, as much as we have merits and demerits of RUGA, the proposed solutions could salvage situations to prevent a dismal outing, maintaining peace and harmony in the community and Nigeria at large.

Three Reasons You Shouldn’t Venture into Agriculture!

Hold up please, did Hastom just say you should not look the way of Agriculture. Trust me, you didn’t just hear some blasphemy. Facts, figures and real life instances attest to the headline and if you don’t get these three issues thoroughly addressed, your best bet is to leave you cash stashed up wherever they are or save them up in some financial institutions where you get billed for keeping them. You want to know why, its because, no one buys insurance when he needs it.

Statistics prove that 35% to 65% investments into agriculture fail on a scale of 100. It gives a 1000 reasons why you shouldn’t look into agriculture, however, there are basic yet important factors to consider to maximize this venture. In this blog post, we would talk about the 3 main reasons that encapsulates the 1000, as much as we would discuss what to avoid doing. Stay with me.

  • Excess funds: Mr. Adewale works in a multinational oil company, he’s got an enviable monthly income. But, however he’s tired of the status quo_Late nights and early mornings and he wants to spend more time with his family, at the same time, he needs as much income as his salary. Then he chose the best alternative, agriculture, settling for the branch of agriculture with quick turnover returns in 3 months or 6 months at maximum of the venture immediately after his resignation.

Day old chicks were bought from a recommended poultry farm to be raised by Baba Isiaka who raise 500 chicks across the neighborhood. The building was not properly disinfected; the vaccination schedule was not adequately administered, leading to an outbreak of viral diseases and mass death. At 3 weeks old, more than half of the birds are gone, continuing morning and night of each day. Now it was time to shift blames; But you had the experience, I provided the resources needed and more. Your birds don’t die like this; you’re just been wicked says; “Mr. Adewale”. I had the experience of 500 birds not 10,000, this is my first time of handling such a huge number pleaded; “Baba Isiaka”.  He had the resources and wants to start big but he didn’t have the agricultural financial literacy to divert his funds and he ended up losing.

In the essence of agriculture, a proper balance is stricken when inputs are low and outputs are high, Mr. Adewale lost a lot of money due to his lack of financial knowledge in agriculture. His excessive funds would have brought huge returns on investment into agriculture and a session with an agro-consultant with solid experience could have prevented the dismal outing.

  • Knowledge and Experience: “Agriculture is bae.” “Agriculture is a fast way to make money while sleeping in your bedroom.” “Agriculture is a way to make your money work for you.” These are lies of the 21st But do you know these “lies” can be made as real as your finger prints? Are you surprised? Knowledge has pushed a lot of farmers’ and investors into bushes and profits. Let’s have all the cards on the table here.

Either you come down to the workers’ level in the farming process or make someone work it out for you. You don’t want to spend long hours monitoring farm labourers’ in the hot sun, do you? You don’t want to sleep overnight in your farm to have mosquitoes feed on you. But, how do you know when the seed drills are correct? Are you aware of the most appropriate planting seasons? Do you know the exact favorable conditions for maximal growth?  Did the “farm manager” idea just pop into your mind?  Do you think they will manage your farm like it’s theirs? How do you even know/ get an experienced, seasoned farm manager? Do you know that it requires efficient technical know-how to execute all machinery operations on farmland? From purchase of tractor to other farm implements like harrow, and plough. How about planters and harvesters? How then do you know the best type of tractor to buy? And other farm implements to be coupled to it? How do you optimize input for maximum output at the best affordable price available? You need an experienced machine operator for the farm machinery or in the least seasoned individuals attuned to the agricultural terrain you plan to take. What is the best way out? Look for experts who will manage your farm, perfectly. Have an expert tend your farm while you go on vacation in Miami or Paris.

  • Get Rich Quick Syndrome: Yes, in the next 3 months, my capital must multiply by 200%, the 50 acres of land must have yielded 1,325 tonnes after harvest and my farm must bring returns on inputs. The inputs must be 20% while the outputs are 80%, wait a bit, can you be more realistic?

Most contract-farmers are after how much they can gain from you, there are only a selective few that would help manage inputs to more outputs, mostly, their pitch is definitely to appeal to your ears, only.

Investments in agriculture with focus on returns, only is a pathway to losses, agriculture is and would never be a means to an end. Ever wondered why some farms just hit the roof in no time and disappear into thin air before you say Jack Robinson? You get into this ever lucrative venture with only the profits and yields in mind, or probably because testimonials, statistical projections google supplied or even business account sheets of blossoming Agricultural firms and you think, you’ve got the money yielding tree with no tending operations required, then you have got it all wrong from the get go.

With the end in mind, the process ought to be considered. We have the pre-planting, planting and post-planting operations to think about. How do we input farm labour, operate machinery and do overall management to a profitable level? These are to be put in place before we talk about profits or return on investments.

At Hastom Nigeria, agriculture is not just a profession but a lifestyle, an age-long culture we are rightly positioned to revive, resuscitate and stabilize as a development tool to the nation and world’s economy at large through provision of arable farmlands to all, making improved crop varieties and animal breeds readily available, providing investment opportunities with unbeatable ROI and most importantly, propagating the gospel of absentee farming. We take the management worries off you and make you a proud farmer, your busy profession or distant geographical locations notwithstanding. Also, maximizing every bit of the cashew value chain is our forte with over a thousand acres of continuous cashew cultivation, and almost an equivalent farmland belonging to and managed for various clients across national borders. We have got an impeccable record of top management practices by well trained personnel providing both administrative and on-site support.

Conclusively, here’s the candid advice you might want to consider. Before you watch your hard earned resources plummet right before your eyes and you go about cussing this cherished profession, you might need to check if your motives are right in the first place, acquire the requisite knowledge and seek the help of seasoned professionals to help make judicious use of your “abundant” resources.

Let your Agro-business have the adept touch of Hastom, today and you will be glad you did.

For further inquiries, kindly reach us via any of the media provided below.

Hastom Green city is located at Baba Eko Village, Oriire Local Government Area, Ògbómòsó, Oyo State, Nigeria.

[email protected] +2348163013001, +2348123235949, and +2349021338277.

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